Pope Bl. Pius IX (1792-1878)
The son of Italian nobles, Pius may be best known for defining the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. He also presided over the First Vatican Council, which defined the dogma of papal infallibility. He had a reputation for being a patriotic reformer. Next to St. Peter, his papacy was the longest in history.

Reflections from the Saints

Great indeed is our trust in Mary. The resplendent glory of her merits, far exceeding all the choirs of angels, elevates her to the very steps of the throne of God.
– Pope Bl. Pius IX